||Casein kinase I (also designated CKI) and casein kinase II (CKII) compose a family of serine/threonine protein kinases which are present in all eukaryotes examined to date. Casein kinase I family members, which include casein kinase Iα, Iγ, Iδ and Iε, have been implicated in the control of cytoplasmic and nuclear processes, including DNA replication and repair, membrane trafficking, circadian rhythm, cell cycle progression, chromosome segregation, apoptosis and cellular differentiation. Casein kinase I isoform alpha-like (CSNK1A1L) is a 337 amino acid protein that shares a high degree of sequence similarity with the alpha isoform of casein kinase 1. CSNK1A1L resides in the cytoplasm and participates in the Wnt signaling pathway. By utilizing ATP within its protein kinase domain, CSNK1A1L phosphorylates a large number of proteins.